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the difference between a mother and a childless woman).Degrees of relationship are not identical to heirship or legal succession.Different societies classify kinship relations differently and therefore use different systems of kinship terminology – for example some languages distinguish between affinal and consanguine uncles, whereas others have only one word to refer to both a father and his brothers.Kinship terminologies include the terms of address used in different languages or communities for different relatives and the terms of reference used to identify the relationship of these relatives to ego or to each other.Within a culture, some descent groups may be considered to lead back to gods or animal ancestors (totems).This may be conceived of on a more or less literal basis.Kinship can also refer to a principle by which individuals or groups of individuals are organized into social groups, roles, categories and genealogy by means of kinship terminologies.

However, some minor mistakes are still what keeps people from meeting the person they so badly deserve.For example, the word brother in English-speaking societies indicates a son of one's same parent; thus, English-speaking societies use the word brother as a descriptive term referring to this relationship only.In many other classificatory kinship terminologies, in contrast, a person's male first cousin ( whether mother's brother's son, mother's sister's son, father's brother's son, father's sister's son) may also be referred to as brothers.This may be due to a shared ontological origin, a shared historical or cultural connection, or some other perceived shared features that connect the two entities.For example, a person studying the ontological roots of human languages (etymology) might ask whether there is kinship between the English word seven and the German word sieben.

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